Exam Questions / Microbiology

Questions on Topics in Epidemiology 2

Written by MicroDok
  1. Succinctly explain the term Disease Outbreak.
  2. Enumerate 5 steps of outbreak control and management.
  3. Differentiate between communicable diseases and non-communicable diseases with examples.
  4. X-ray the term “Zoonotic Diseases”, and state their clinical significance.


  1. Briefly explain the terms: Reservoir, Vector, Infestation, and Virulence as it relates to disease emergence and spread?
  2. Write a short note on nosocomial infections and give at least 3 examples of such infections.
  3. State the causative agents of the following diseases: Plague, viral gastroenteritis, Oral Thrush, and Giardiasis.
  4. Differentiate between vertical disease transmission and horizontal disease transmission.


  1. Briefly explain 4 modes of diseases transmission in a human population.
  2. Write a short note on foodborne diseases/infections and state 5 symptoms of such illnesses.
  3. State the causative agents of the following foodborne infections: Shigellosis, Brucellosis, Listeriosis, Salmonellosis, and Traveler’s diarrhea.
  4. Diagrammatically show the disease/epidemiologic triad.


  1. X-ray the term “risk factor” as it relates to disease emergence and spread.
  2. Define ratio as it relates to disease spread in a population; and mathematically illustrate the formular for calculating the ratio of disease spread in a given community.
  3. Differentiate between incidence rate and prevalence rate of a particular disease?
  4. Define standardization and outline the types.


  1. Exhaustively explain the terms “morbidity” and “mortality” as they relate to disease spread and emergence in a particular community.
  2. Succinctly explain disease surveillance and outline 3 disease surveillance organizations that you know.
  3. What is “case” as it relates to disease emergence and spread in a defined community.
  4. List 5 types of disease surveillance.

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