Exam Questions / Microbiology


Written by MicroDok
  1. Enumerate and briefly explain any 5 measures used for investigating disease outbreak.
  2. State the major purpose of evaluating surveillance for a specific disease outbreak.
  3. Outline 5 characteristics of a well conducted surveillance
  4. Define epidemiology
  5. What is data?
  6. Explain briefly the main purpose of analyzing data for epidemiological studies
  7. Outline 5 modern apparatuses that can be used to analyze data.
  8. Briefly explain public health surveillance
  9. Define the term “indicator” as it relates to monitoring disease outbreak.
  10. Differentiate between active surveillance and passive surveillance.
  11. As a microbiologists in the making, explain briefly in your own words the significance of data in solving health problems.
  12. Define the term pro-forma and briefly explain its significance in disease surveillance.
  13. Outline any 5 viral infections or diseases that must be reported to the local health authorities to avoid their spread in the community.
  14. Enumerate any 5 methods of collecting data for disease surveillance.
  15. Mention three agencies you know whose responsibility is to track and monitor disease outbreak either locally or internationally.
  16. What are notifiable diseases?
  17. Outline 5 quarantinable diseases that you know.
  18. With examples explain sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
  19. State the causative agents of the following infectious diseases: Cholera, Botulism, Typhoid fever, Shigellosis, Gonorrhea.
  20. What are the commonest clinical symptoms of chicken pox?
  21. Succinctly explain the term surveillance.
  22. Write a short note on the different types of surveillance.
  23. Outline and describe briefly the different steps involved in carrying out surveillance.
  24. Enumerate the different methods of collecting data for surveillance.
  25. Cholera outbreak was reported in Gidan waya community of Jema’a local government area of southern Kaduna state some few weeks ago. The disease outbreak has caused some morbidity and mortality amongst the populace of that community and the disease does not seem to have abated. As an epidemiologist, outline and briefly describe the measures you would take to identify the remote and immediate cause of the disease outbreak and also outline and explain briefly the measures you would use to control and prevent the disease.
  26. Outline and briefly describe any five (5) characteristics of a well-defined surveillance.
  27. Define the term indicator as it relates to public health surveillance.
  28. What is communicable disease surveillance?
  29. What is the full meaning of the acronym BRFSS?
  30. What are the two (2) major objectives of disease surveillance?
  31. List any five (5) major sources of data used in disease surveillance programs.
  32. With examples, define notifiable diseases.
  33. Define cases definitions with examples.
  34. What are quarantinable diseases?
  35. Outline five (5) examples of quarantinable diseases.
  36. Describe in detail the importance of data dissemination in disease surveillance.
  37. Data are usually obtained from diseases surveillance studies because of their     importance in the containment of disease outbreak in a given community or     population. Succinctly describe the major reasons for analyzing data.

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