Parasitology questions

[1] Define public health.
[2] Succinctly explain the importance or task of public health personnel in disease tracking and control and prevention of infectious diseases in the general public.
[3] Outline the major functions of public health personnel’s.
[4] With suitable examples describe infectious diseases of poverty (IDP).
[5] What is parasitology?
[6] Differentiate between a parasite and a host.
[7] What is parasitism?
[8] Define reservoir host, definitive host and intermediate host.
[9] Outline the morphological form, group of protozoan, host and disease caused by Ascaris lumbricoides.
[10] What are the causative agents of Clonorchiasis and Dracunculiasis?
[11] Outline the morphological form, group of protozoan, host and disease caused by Isospora belli.
[12] What is the causative agent of loiasis?
[13] Outline the group of protozoan, host, morphological form and disease caused by Paragonimus westermani.
[14] Enumerate the hosts of Toxoplasma gondii.
[15] What is the causative organism of Trichuriasis?
[16] What are the reasons that encourage the outbreak or high frequency of parasitic infections/diseases in tropical and subtropical countries?
[17] Define vectors.
[18] Enumerate the four strains and/or species of Plasmodium that causes malaria in man.
[19] Outline other species of Plasmodium that causes diseases in rodents.
[20] Describe in details the pathogenesis of Plasmodium parasite.
[21] In which host does the sporogonic stage of Plasmodium occur?
[22] What are the three major invasive forms of the Plasmodium parasite?
[23] Differentiate between the asexual stage and asexual stage of the Plasmodium parasite.
[24] Define splenomegaly, hepatomegaly and myalgia.
[25] Succinctly describe the signs and symptoms of Plasmodium infection in man.
[26] Enumerate the likely factors that affect the diagnosis of malaria infection in man.
[27] What is the clinical significance of thin blood smear and thick blood smear as it relates to the malaria diagnosis?
[28] Describe in details the life cycle of mosquito, and use suitable diagram to illustrate the mosquito life cycle.
[29] What are the classification, transmission, pathology, symptoms, treatment and prevention of Plasmodium infection?
[30] Differentiate between microgametocytes and macrogametocytes.
[31] Succinctly describe the environmental factors that aid the transmission of Plasmodium infection.
[32] Enumerate some of the ways that Plasmodium infection can best be controlled and prevented in a human population.
[33] What is leishmaniasis?
[34] Outline and briefly describe the three clinical forms of leishmaniasis.
[35] Mention and describe the two morphological forms of Leishmania parasite.
[36] Write a short note on the vector, reservoir host and habitat of Leishmania parasite.
[37] Briefly describe the treatment and control and prevention measures of leishmaniasis.
[38] What is the causative agent of giardiasis?
[39] Briefly describe the pathogenesis of Giardia lamblia infection.
[40] What are the clinical signs and symptoms of giardiasis?
[41] Outline the reservoir hosts of G. lamblia.
[42] How can giardiasis be treated, controlled and prevented in a defined human population?
[43] What is Dracunculiasis?
[44] Write a short note on the reservoir host of the causative agent of Dracunculiasis.
[45] Briefly describe the clinical signs and symptoms of Dracunculiasis.
[46] What is another name for Dracunculiasis?
[47] Briefly describe the treatment, control and preventive measures of Dracunculiasis.
[48] What is toxoplasmosis?
[49] Mention the definitive host of the causative agent of toxoplasmosis, and state the family of the definitive host mentioned.
[50] Describe the four major forms of toxoplasmosis in humans.
[51] Briefly describe how toxoplasmosis is treated, controlled and prevented in human population.
[52] Using suitable causative agents briefly describe sleeping sickness.
[53] What is the causative agent of Chagas disease?
[54] Describe in details the vector, reservoir host and habitat of the causative agent of African trypanosomiasis.
[55] What is the major clinical implication of sleeping sickness in humans?
[56] How can sleeping sickness infection be controlled and prevented?
[57] Describe the vector, reservoir host and habitat of the causative agent of American trypanosomiasis.
[58] How can Chagas disease be prevented and controlled in human population?
[59] Write a short note on schistosomiasis while mentioning its causative agents.
[60] What are the clinical signs and symptoms of schistosomiasis?
[61] Briefly describe the vector, reservoir host and habitat of the causative agents of schistosomiasis.
[62] What is Katayama fever?
[63] Describe taeniasis using its causative agents, vector, reservoir host and habitat.
[64] How does Taenia solium differ from Taenia saginata?
[65] Define cysticercosis.
[66] What re the clinical signs and symptoms of taeniasis?
[67] Write a short note on the treatment, control and prevention of taeniasis.
[68] What is amebiasis?
[69] Briefly describe the vector, reservoir host, habitat and the clinical signs and symptoms of amebic dysentery.
[70] Describe the control and prevention measures of amebiasis.
[71] What is the causative agent of cyclosporiasis?
[72] Describe the vector, reservoir host, habitat and clinical signs and symptoms of cyclosporiasis.
[73] Write a short note on the treatment, control and prevention of cyclosporiasis.
[74] Define lymphatic filariasis and enumerate its causative agents.
[75] What are the vectors, reservoir host and habitat of the causative agents of the causative agents of lymphatic filariasis?
[76] What is calabar swelling?
[77] Describe the clinical signs and symptoms of loiasis.
[78] What are the vector, reservoir host and habitat of the causative agent of loiasis?
[79] Define enterobiasis.
[80] Mention two other names for the causative agent of enterobiasis.
[81] Briefly describe the pathogenesis of Enterobius vermicularis infection.
[82] What is paragonimiasis?
[83] Outline the causative agents of paragonimiasis.
[84] Mention two other names for flatworms.
[85] Describe the clinical signs and symptoms of paragonimiasis.
[86] Briefly explain the vector, reservoir host and habitat of the causative agent of paragonimiasis.
[87] How can paragonimiasis be controlled and prevented in humans.
[88] What is river blindness?
[89] What is the vector for Onchocercia volvulus transmission in man?
[90] How can onchocerciasis be controlled and prevented in humans?
[91] Describe trichinellosis based on its causative agent, reservoir host, vector and clinical signs and symptoms of the disease.
[92] Define hookworm infections and mention the two main causative agents implicated in the disease.
[93] Briefly describe the vector and/or definitive host of hookworm and its habitat.
[94] How can hookworm infection be controlled and prevented in human population?
[95] Define ascariasis and mention its causative agent.
[96] Briefly describe the vector, reservoir host and habitat of the causative agent of ascariasis.
[97] Succinctly explain the pathogenesis of ascariasis and mention its clinical signs and symptoms.
[98] Define trichomoniasis and enumerate its causative agents.
[99] Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) of man caused by a protozoan. Explain this fact and describe the clinical signs and symptoms of the disease in man and women.
[100] Briefly describe isosporiasis based on its causative agent, reservoir host, habitat, clinical signs and symptoms and how the disease can be controlled and prevented in humans.

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