Exam Questions / Microbiology

Microbial taxonomy questions

Written by MicroDok
  • What is taxonomy?
  • State and explain the three areas of taxonomy.
  • What is a taxon?
  • What is a strain?
  • Explain Carolus Linnaeus’s contribution to microbial taxonomy.
  • How does genus differ from species?
  • In writing the scientific name of an organism, which of the name is capitalized and which one is not?
  • List and explain the five taxonomic groups of microorganisms.
  • Mention five molecular techniques employed in the characterization/classification of microorganisms.
  • How do actinomycetes differ from bacteria?
  • What is a prion?
  • How do viroids differ from prions?
  • Mention four pathogenic animals that cause disease in man.
  • How do Eubacteria, Archaea and Bacteria differ from each other?
  • What is microbial phylogeny?
  • What is the best tool for determining the evolutionary relationships of microbial cells?
  • How do phototrophs obtain their energy?
  • What are methanogens?
  • How do chemolithotrophs differ from phototrophs?
  • Enumerate the five classes of proteobacteria.
  • With examples explain the term halophiles.
  • Which organism is the source of Taq polymerase used in polymerase chain reaction (PCR) experiments?
  • What is microbial phylogeny?
  • With examples define thermophiles.
  • Enumerate any five pathogenic animals/macro-organisms that cause infectious diseases in humans.

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