Exam Questions / Microbiology

EXAM QUESTIONS ON INFECTIOUS DISEASE ENDEMIC IN TROPICS

Written by MicroDok
  1. Succinctly explain the factors involved in disease development.
  2. Enumerate 5 parasitic diseases common in the tropics and mention their individual causative agents.
  3. Using suitable examples differentiate between communicable diseases and non-communicable diseases with examples.
  4. What is a parasite?
  5. Using suitable examples, differentiate ectoparasites from endoparasites.
  6. Outline the 4 species of Plasmodium that causes malaria in human population.
  7. List 5 major ways through which parasitic infections or diseases can best be controlled and managed in tropical countries.
  8. Define the terms pathogenicity and virulence in relation to disease.
  9. Outline any 5 major routes through which infectious disease agents (or pathogens) can gain entry into the body of a human host.
  10. What is the significance of immunization/vaccination in the prevention of infectious diseases?
  11. Succinctly explain the phrase ‘toxigenicity’ using suitable examples of pathogens that possess this microbial feature.
  12. Outline the factors that encourage the emergence and spread of diseases in tropical countries.
  13. What is a pathogen?
  14. Using two suitable examples, describe briefly viral haemorrhagic fevers.
  15. Why is ‘hand washing’ important in the control and prevention of disease and pathogen spread in human population?
  16. What is the causative agent of dracunculiasis?
  17. Outline 5 common ways through which communicable diseases can best be spread in a human population.
  18. What is the biological vector that aids the transmission of malaria in the tropics?
  19. Explain the phrases: sign, symptom and syndrome of a disease.
  20. How does the host factor, environment factor and pathogen factor influence the emergence and spread of infectious diseases in human population?

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